According to the South Asian State Minorities Report, India has become “a dangerous and violent place for Muslim minorities” since the BJP-led government in India amended the Citizenship Act in 2020. The report, released annually, assesses the freedom of expression and personal liberty of minorities living in South Asia. These reports are based on Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
The report says that civil rights around the world are under threat, but the changes that are taking place in India in the next few years are alarming. Which has happened at an unusual speed. “India has become a dangerous and violent place for Muslims,” the report said. The CAA Act passed in December 2019 does not include Muslims in the ambit of the law. When the law was passed, the government also signaled the introduction of the NRC, which would expel many Muslims from the country.
The report says that since 2014, when the BJP came to power, there have been attacks on religious minorities, which has clearly affected the rights and expression of Muslims and Muslim organizations in India. The report says that the situation has worsened since the BJP won a strong majority in May 201. Changes have been made to the Foreign Contributions (Regulation) Act, which regulates foreign donations to institutions in India.
The report also found that “quick attacks” have been carried out on Muslim actors, human rights lawyers, activists, demonstrators, academics, journalists and thinkers who speak out against the Indian government. The report says human rights activists face bans, violence, criminal defamation, detention and persecution.
The report highlighted human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir last year. When the Center revoked the special status of the state under Article 3700 of the Constitution. The report says in harsh language that the case in Kashmir explains how space for citizens can be completely destroyed within a formal democratic framework.
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