According to the researchers, by the end of the 60 days, the overall risk of readmission or death of patients with COVID-19 was lower than that for patients with heart failure or pneumonia.
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Washington: The first week and a half after leaving the hospital presents a high risk of COVID-19 patients, including trips back to the hospital and death, according to a study.
The researchers found that COVID-19 patients had a 40 to 60 percent higher risk of getting to the hospital or dying in the first 10 days compared to similar patients treated in the same hospitals in the same months for heart failure or pneumonia.
The study, published in the journal JAMA, found that by the end of the 60 days, COVID-19 the overall risk of readmission or death of patients was lower than for the other two serious conditions.
He compared post-hospital outcomes for nearly 2,200 veterans who survived their hospitalization in 132 hospitals. COVID-19 , with results for nearly 1,800 similar patients who survived a stay for non-disease-related pneumonia and 3,500 who survived a stay for heart failure.
In the first two months, nine percent of COVID-19 patients who survived hospitalization died and nearly 20 percent suffered a failure that sent them back to the hospital, the researchers said.
They added to the 18.5% who died during hospitalization, they said.
“Comparing COVID-19 The long-term results of patients with those of other seriously ill patients, we see a type of risk even higher than usual even in the first two or two weeks, which can be a risky period for anyone, “said John P Donnelly, the first author of the study and an epidemiologist at the University of Michigan in the USA.
All but five percent of the patients were male and half were black, which is not nationally representative, but focuses on two high-risk groups.
However, among the veterans studied, the only factor that made a significant difference in results was age, the researchers said.
About half of 70- and 80-year-old veterans died within 60 days of leaving the hospital, they said.
The 2,179 COVID-19 the patients spent a total of 27,496 days in the hospital, and the 354 veterans who were readmitted spent a total of 3,728 additional days in the hospital.
The most common reasons listed for re-hospitalization were COVID-19 , cited in 30 percent of patients, and sepsis observed in 8.5 percent, the researchers said.
More than 22 percent of readmitted veterans went to an intensive care unit, they added.