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Last week, Erdogan visited Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. There he saluted the military parade to celebrate Azerbaijan’s military victory over Armenia. Nagorono – Turkey provided military aid to Azerbaijan in the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the occupation of the Karabakh region. Armenia thanked Erdogan for his help in the celebration.
This war lasted 44 days which was a source of trouble for Iran. Both Armenia and Azerbaijan share a border with Iran. In addition, millions of people of Azerbaijani descent and thousands of people of Armenian descent live in Iran. In a poem he read, Erdogan lamented how the Ars River, which flows between Azerbaijan and Iran, separates the Azerbaijani people. Erdogan’s poem meant that the Turkish president was talking about the unification of all Turks. There are also some areas that fall into Iran.
It is said in the poem-
They have separated us from the rocky Arus River. But I am no different than you. They have forcibly separated us. ‘
The same thing shocked the people of Iran. He understood the meaning of this poem that the President of Turkey was talking about the annexation of his country to the territory of Iran. Experts say one has to look at the history of the region to understand why poetry has become such a big political issue.
A treaty was signed at the end of the Russo-Persian War about 200 years ago. It was signed by the king of the Kassar dynasty (today’s Iran). This reign lasted until 1925. The Russia-Persia agreement is still remembered today as a chapter of humiliation in Iran. Under that agreement, Russia occupied much of Persia. Under it, the Arus River was demarcated between the two countries. The land then occupied by Russia is now in the possession of Azerbaijan and Armenia. Some of it is even in Turkey. According to experts, Azerbaijanis live on both sides of the river but they seem to be automatically connected. That’s why Erdogan’s poem about the region went through Iran.
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javed Zarif said no one could talk about his beloved Azerbaijan. He said in a tweet that Erdogan did not understand that he was ignoring Azerbaijan’s sovereignty. Iran’s foreign ministry has called on Turkey’s ambassador to Tehran to clarify Erdogan’s remarks. On the other hand, the Turkish government summoned Iran’s ambassador to Ankara to protest Iran’s statement. But on Saturday, when Zarif called Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, he clarified that the Turkish president was not aware of Iran’s sensitivities. But Turkey has strongly opposed the offensive language used against the Turkish president in Iran.
Several members of Iran’s parliament have apologized to Erdogan. Ali Nikzad, deputy speaker of the Iranian parliament, said Erdogan either did not know the history or deliberately twisted it. On Sunday, 225 out of 290 members of Iran’s parliament issued a statement strongly condemning the Turkish leader’s statement.
Relations between Turkey and Iran have already been strained. Turkey is trying to become the leader of Sunni countries, while Iran considers itself the leader of Shiite countries. This conflict has taken on a new form in the case of Azerbaijan. This has given impetus to the diplomacy of the region.